Old Major- Karl Marx/Lenin, -Major invented Animalism and represnts Marx but also represents Lenin in some ways. In the book, Major's skull was displayed in a similar way that Lenin's remains were displayed to the public.
Napoleon- Joseph Stalin, -Napoleon represents Stalin who was the second leader of the Soviet Union just like Napoleon took leader after Major at the beginning of the revolution.
Snowball- Leon Trotsky -Trotsky was Stalin's enemy as he rose to power. He was exiled just Snowball was banned from the farm.
Squealer- Stalin's Propaganda Department -Squealer spread Napoleon's truth just as the Russian media provided information on Stalin.
Mr. Jones- Czar Nicholas II -Mr. Jones was the owner of Manor Farm and represents the last Czar of Russia before Lenin was in charge.
Pilkington- Churchill/Chamberlain - Fredrick- Hitler - Boxer- Lower Russian working class/Communist supporters -Boxer represents the loyal workers under Stalin who believed everything he had to say.
Mollie- Russian upper class - Representation of the people who remained faithful to the Czar.
Moses- Russian Orthodox Church -preached about "Sugar Candy Mountain" (Heaven)
Sheep- Blinded followers of Stalin - The mass of people that followed Stalin
Puppies- Military/police force -Represent the Russian police force that protected Stalin from a second revolution